Terrorist attacks are increasingly frequent global phenomena with wide-reaching behavioural, health and economic consequences, affecting both directly and indirectly exposed individuals and their families, as well as society as a whole. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health problems are common consequences of exposure to terrorism.
PIRU and PSSRU were asked to evaluate the Screen and Treat Programme setup by the Department of Heath to support UK citizens affected by the terrorist attacks in Tunisia (March and June 2015), Paris (November 2015) and Brussels (March 2016).
The aims of this evaluation were:
- to find out if the Screen and Treat Programme was effective in screening and referring people to appropriate services;
- to find out if people recovered;
- to measure the Programme’s economic impacts;
- to assess the Programme’s acceptability to users;
- to understand how all the agencies involved work together.
A secondary aim was to find out how the Programme worked for children and young people under the age of 18 years.
In this mixed method evaluation, we examined:
- the progress of people affected by the incidents through the stages of the Programme;
- impact of the attacks on health, work/study and daily life;
- service use of the affected people;
- individuals’ experiences of the Programme;
- treatment outcomes;
- costs associated with exposure to the attacks;
- inter-agency working and the experiences of professionals, including service providers, involved in setting up and administering of the Programme.
The report "Evaluation of the Screen and Treat Programme offered to people affected by the terrorist attacks in Tunisia, Paris and Brussels: Final Report" was provided to the Department of Health & Social Care in March 2018 and was made available on the PIRU website in November 2019. It can be accessed here>>
An article presenting the findings from the evaluation was published in the Journal of Health Services Research & Policy in November 2019. It can be accessed here>>